As part of the MJA3 and the Clean and Efficient Agricultural Sectors Covenant, the objective of the Dutch dairy sector is improvement of the energy efficiency by 2 percent. FrieslandCampina complies with this objective by achieving an average energy efficiency improvement of 2 percent per year in the production of dairy products at the production locations.
By saving energy and producing sustainable energy, the dairy farming sector can contribute to the reduction of the use of fossil fuels and the emission of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide CO2, nitrous oxide N2O and methane CH4. The use of energy per ton product is reduced by investing in energy-efficient installations. For example, the production facility in Borculo commissioned a biogas pipeline that transports approximately seven million cubic metres of biogas supplied by a company and the cheese production facility in Balkbrug is fully supplied with steam originating from a wood-fired heating plant that uses prunings as fuel.
Energy consumption increased by 1.8 percent to 2.82 GJ/tonne in 2017. A programme designed to enable FrieslandCampina to reduce its energy consumption by at least 8 percent over a period of four years was initiated in 2017. The programme includes various components, such as the technological process innovations in Leeuwarden and Gerkesklooster to be completed in 2018, that will result in significant reductions. When these projects are started up, they will initially result in higher energy consumption.
The Foqus module for member dairy farmers (Foqus planet) gives priority to safeguarding quality and food safety. In addition, stimulating pasture grazing and sustainability in the dairy farming sector is key. Different programmes, linked to financial compensation, are used to provide the necessary incentives.
Greenhouse gas emissions
The greenhouse gas emissions of production and transport declined by 4.6 percent in 2017. This is primarily due to the increasing quantity of sustainably generated electricity (solar panels and wind energy), produced by member dairy farmers.
The greenhouse gas emissions from the procurement of milk, milk powder and whey decreased by 18 percent to 3,854 kt in 2017. The main reason is the decrease in the purchase of third-party milk powder as a raw material for dairy products.
The emission of greenhouse gases on the farms of member dairy farmers decreased by 8.4 percent. The average greenhouse gas emission of a Dutch dairy farm is 1.13 kilo of CO2 equivalent per kilo of milk. This calculation was established by Wageningen Economic Research and FrieslandCampina R&D.